Rottweiler is a large dog, with males ranging from 24-27 inches at the
shoulder and females from 22-25 inches. Weight ranges from 80-110 pounds.
The dog is slightly longer than it is tall with a large frame balanced by
a deep, broad chest and heavy muscling. Rotts are always black with
clearly delineated tan or mahogany markings over the eyes, on the side of
the muzzle, and on throat, chest, and lower legs. The tail is docked short
and carried at or slightly above horizontal as an extension of the level
The Rottie coat is smooth and short with an undercoat present on the neck
and thighs. Wavy or curly coats are faulted and long coats are
disqualifications for breeding and the show ring.
The Rottweiler in motion is a picture of power and stamina with strong
reach in front and forceful drive in the rear. A well-conditioned Rott is
a superb athlete; he trots with great stamina and seemingly little effort
– an efficiency of movement inherited from his days as a cattle drover.
It is in breed temperament that the Rott is often misjudged. A well-bred
Rottweiler is calm, confident, and courageous with an inherent aloofness
towards strangers and a reserved attitude in new situations. Combined with
his fierce devotion to home and family, these characteristics can be
subverted from their original purpose by poor breeding practices, lack of
socialization, and failure to teach basic good manners. Rottweiler owners
without a strong grasp of the breed’s nature can find themselves in
trouble if the dog has been badly bred or assumes leadership of the
The Rottweiler standard is clear in regard to temperament: “The behaviour
of the Rottweiler in the show ring should be controlled, willing, and
adaptable, trained to submit to examination of the mouth, testicles, etc.
An aloof or reserved dog should not be penalized, as this reflects the
accepted character of the breed. An aggressive or belligerent attitude
towards other dogs should not be faulted.
“A judge shall excuse from the ring any shy Rottweiler. A dog shall be
judged fundamentally shy if, refusing to stand for examination, it shrinks
away from the judge.
“A dog that in the opinion of the judge menaces or threatens him or
exhibits any sign that it may not be safely approached or examined by the
judge in the normal manner shall be excused from the ring. A dog that in
the opinion of the judge attacks any person in the ring shall be
This standard for temperament can be easily related to daily interaction
with the dog. If the dog does not accept examination by the owner or by
anyone chosen by the owner, such as a veterinarian, without either
shrinking away or becoming aggressive, the dog does not exhibit acceptable
Rottweiler character. Any Rottweiler that does not exhibit true breed
character should be spayed or neutered to prevent passing unacceptable
temperament to its offspring and should be placed in a home where owners
understand how to deal with an unsocialized dog with aggressive
To be blunt, the Rottweiler is not a dog for everyone. Like all other
breeds with strong natures, it has become a target for those who would ban
dogs by breed rather than individual
Failure to select a well-bred Rott and to
train it appropriately can result in individual tragedy and in prohibition
of the entire breed in a community.
Like Akitas, Dobermans, Malamutes, and other dominant breeds, Rotts must
be trained to obey and respect the humans in its family. Training classes,
where the puppy can become accustomed to new situations and to other
people and dogs, are ideal, but private training is acceptable if
accompanied by additional efforts to socialize the animal. Daily use of
commands such as sit, stay, down, come and stand as well as training Rambo
to walk on a leash without pulling are essential to building a partnership
with the dog.
Rottweilers should never be banished to the back garden, whether confined
to a kennel run, allowed free-range of a fenced garden or chained. Like
other guardian breeds such as Akitas, Chow Chows, Dobermans, and German
Shepherds, Rotties left to their own devices can become very territorial,
particularly if they do not get enough human interaction or if they are
teased or tormented by neighbourhood children or other dogs.
Rottweilers are what us humans make
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